Fertility Treatment Options
Lifestyle changes that can improve fertility
Before you and your partner decide to start a family, you may be able to increase your chances of a successful pregnancy by making a few lifestyle adjustments and following these tips.
Take a prenatal vitamin
Women should take a prenatal vitamin with at least one milligram of folic acid for at least three months before conception to reduce the risk of spina bifida and central nervous system abnormalities. Men should take a multivitamin to optimize sperm function.
Limit your alcohol, tobacco, caffeine and drugs
Both partners should refrain from, or severely restrict, using alcohol, tobacco, caffeine, or other drugs while trying to conceive or during pregnancy.
Have blood tests
Both partners should have prenatal blood tests, including those for HIV/AIDS, hepatitis B and C, rapid plasma reagin (RPR) for syphilis, rubella titer (German measles immunity) and a blood type evaluation.
Women should be immunized against rubella at least one month before they start trying to have a family.
Decrease your stress
Physical and emotional stress has long been implicated as factors in a couple’s ability to conceive, but we now have more solid evidence for their role. Stress raises levels of cortisol, one of the major metabolic hormones from the adrenal glands that can influence the way other hormones are produced and metabolized.
Numerous studies have shown that smoking can have adverse effects on fertility. In women, smoking decreases in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intrauterine insemination (IUI) pregnancy rates by approximately half. Smoking also increases miscarriage rates. In men, smoking decreases sperm function and impairs fertilization.
Fertility treatment options
If lifestyle adjustments are unsuccessful, we offer comprehensive testing to diagnose infertility and formulate treatment options that may include the following.
- Female Fertility Evaluation
- Fertility FAQ – Female Infertility
- Fertility FAQ – Lifestyle
- Fertility FAQ – Male Infertility
- Fertility FAQ - Unexplained Infertility
- Fertility FAQ and Resources
- Fertility Journey
- Fertility Preservation
- Fertility Treatment Options
- Male Fertility Evaluation
- The C. Michael and Nancy Orders Smith Endowment