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Testicular Cancer

Cancer starts when cells in the body begin to grow out of control. Cells in nearly any part of the body can become cancer and can spread to other areas of the body. Cancer that starts in the testicles is called testicular cancer.

With timely diagnosis, testicular cancer is most likely treatable and most often curable. It is the most common cancer in men 15–34 years old. Still, it is fairly rare. About 8,850 men will be diagnosed with testicular cancer in the U.S. this year. The risk of death from testicular cancer is small. About 410 men will die of testicular cancer in the U.S. this year.

Testicular cancer risk factors

  • An undescended testicle.
  • Family history of testicular cancer.
  • HIV infection.
  • Carcinoma in situ of the testicle.
  • Having had testicular cancer before.
  • Being of a certain race/ethnicity- The risk of testicular cancer among white men is about 4 to 5 times that of black men and that of Asian-American men.
  • Body size.

Testicular cancer symptoms

Signs of a testicular tumor are:

  • A painless lump in the testicle (the most common sign).
  • A feeling of weight in the scrotum.
  • Swelling of the testicle (with or without pain).
  • Pain or a dull ache in the testicle, scrotum or groin.

How is testicular cancer treated?

Depending on the type and stage of the cancer and other factors, treatment options for testicular cancer can include:

  • Surgery.
  • Radiation therapy.
  • Chemotherapy (chemo).
  • High-dose chemotherapy and stem cell transplant.

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