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Enlarged Prostate

An enlarged prostate, also known as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), is a common urological condition caused by the non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate gland in aging men. As the prostate enlarges, it can squeeze down on the urethra. This can cause men to have trouble urinating leading to the symptoms of BPH.

Symptoms of BPH

Symptoms of BPH vary depending on the individual, but they tend to worsen over time. Common symptoms include:

  • Frequent or urgent need to urinate.
  • Increased frequency of urination at night.
  • Difficulty starting urination.
  • Weak urine stream or interrupted urination.
  • Dribbling at the end of urination.
  • Straining while urinating.
  • Inability to completely empty the bladder.

BPH risk factors

  • Age. Symptoms are rare in men under 40, but about one-third of men experience some symptoms by 60 and half experience symptoms by 80.
  • Family history and genetics. Those with an immediate family history of prostate issues are more likely to also have problems.
  • Ethnic background. Prostate issues are more common among African-American men, followed by Caucasian men and then Asian men.
  • Chronic conditions. If you have issues such as diabetes or heart disease, you may be at higher risk.

How is BPH treated?

There are a wide range of treatment options for BPH including medications, minimally invasive therapies done through telescopes without the need for incisions on the body, or traditional open surgeries. If you have the symptoms listed above, make sure to speak with your doctor to determine the best course of action.